The communities may, based on the interests of the public, be merged with each other or separated by the law. They armed themselves and spearheaded a massive Russian invasion of eastern Anatolia. The United States established diplomatic relations with Armenia in 1992, following its independence from the Soviet Union. 6) ensure the implementation of the defense, national security and foreign policies of the Republic; National Holiday: Independence Day, September 21 The Council of People's Commissariats of a Union Republic were either Union-Republic or Republican Commissariats. Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, senior lecturer. The role of the Prime Minister is that it should supervise the Government activities, coordinate the work of the Ministers and it should adopt decisions on the organization of Government activities. Which Countries Were First To Elect Women Leaders. Only supported aircraft types that are active with this airline are included in the calculations. After these the Government is considered to be formed. The person in this position represents the country in international relations, including negotiating agreements and carrying out foreign policy. 12/27/2020 Nagorno-Karabakh (International Christian Concern) – The European Court of Human Rights granted the request by the Republic of Armenia on December 21st that the Government of Azerbaijan provide information related to prisoners of war (POWs) by December 28th.. , First chairman of AAM, Director of the Center of Strategic Studies.. Aram Piruzyan's tenure was at the beginning of World War II and he was responsible for organizing the production of military products in factories. Most estimates of the total number of Armenians killed en route, either by troops and police or by starvation and disease, range from 600,000 to 1,500,000. Holder of the title of Hero of Artsakh.He is president of the Armenian Chess Federation and the Yerevan State University Academic Board. , Powers of Government granted by former revision of Constitution (accepted in 2005), Resignation of the Government and its formation, Powers on local self-governed communities, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, Prime Ministers of the First Armenian Republic, "New parliament chooses Nikol Pashinyan to remain Prime Minister", "THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA (WITH AMENDMENTS)", Territorial Administration and Infrastructure, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Government_of_Armenia&oldid=996418016, Articles containing Armenian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. To accomplish this, the Prime Minister must organize the work of the Ministers and ensure that legislative decisions are implemented. The Government may put forward a motion on confidence in the Government in conjunction with the adoption of a draft law proposed by the Government. He is a member of the Bar Association of the Republic of Armenia. For matters concerning the constitutional validity, the Constitutional Court has jurisdiction. In addition, a ministry of interior was created, whose first head was Aram Manukian. Microelectronic, light and food industry developed rapidly during the tenure of Grigor Arzumanyan. In 1949 in the middle of Karapetyan's tenure 12,000 Armenians were deported to Altai. Executive branch: chief of state: President Robert KOCHARIAN (since 30 March 1998) head of government: Prime Minister Andranik MARKARYAN (since 12 May 2000) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister. This draft shall be debated and voted on by the National Assembly within a period of thirty days in accordance with the procedure defined by this Article. Prime Minister had direct involvement in regional and international issues. This was preceded by a wave of massacres in the years 1894 to 1896, and another one in 1909 in Adana. The procedure for the organization of operations of the Government and other public administration bodies under the Government must be defined by the decree of the President upon the submission of Prime Minister. Sergey Arakelyan (alternately email@example.com) is the Director of the Law Library of the Yerevan State University, Faculty of Law, Yerevan (Armenia). The Republican Commissariats again directed branches that were entrusted to them but were subordinate only to Council of People's Commissars of the Union Republic. RA president from 1998 to 2008.Holder of Gold Eagle Medal,Hero of Artsakh (NKR),Grigor Lusavorich order (NKR),Legion of Honor (France),Knight of Big Cross (Georgia),Order of Honor (IOC), Order of Vitautas the Great (Lithuania),Knight of Big Cross and White Eagle Order (Poland),Savior Order (Greece),Order of Lebanese Cedar (Lebanon) Awards. The 10 Worst Presidents in the History of the United States. Prime minister was accountable for international, domestic and regional issues. The structure of the Government must be defined by law in regard to recommendation by the Government. It was decided that the Republic must have its own constitution and self-governing system. Aghasi Sargsyan's tenure was the most difficult one, as he was a prime minister/chairman during the World War II, but he was able to overcome that and move the country from that situation. The Government of Armenia decided to open its ground borders for foreigners, who previously were barred from entering due to the coronavirus infection, Armenian Foreign Ministry announced Wednesday. , Based on Article 88.1 Regional governors are appointed and dismissed by decisions of Government and they are validated by the President. The Representative of the Committee of Agricultural Stocks, The Representative of the All-Union People's Commissariats, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 13:57. It has the right to determine the sequence of the debate for its proposed draft legislation and can demand that they be voted only with amendments acceptable to it. The first prime minister of the First Republic of Armenia was Hovhannes Qajaznani/Igitghanyan. Re-elected on 14 January 2019. This is accomplished through a hierarchical system of courts, including the court of the first instance of general jurisdiction, the court of appeals, Court of Cassation, Constitutional Court, and specialized courts. 8) perform other functions and powers provided by the Constitution and laws. The elected Prime Minister should enjoy the confidence of majority Deputies and if this is impossible the confidence of maximum number of the Deputies. Some report that Armenia’s new government has pursued a more consistent execution of these laws and policies in an effort to improve market competition and remove informal barriers to market entry, especially for small- and medium-sized businesses. Another Stalin's violence victim was Sahak Ter-Bagrielyan. He also was Zangezur cooper mines heas till 1928. UPDATE: A Legal Research Guide to Armenia . He was chosen by the National Council of Armenia. If the National Assembly expresses no confidence in the Government in conjunction to the draft of the state budget, the new Government shall submit the draft state budget to the National Assembly within a period of ten days after the approval of its program. Modern-day Armenia and Azerbaijan became part of the Soviet Union when it formed in the 1920s. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. The President acts as the Head of State and is Commander-in-Chief of the military. Neither Guloyan was spared by the guillotine of person cult: he perished by Stalin's order in 1937. During 1919–1920 the government had problems with a favorable state loans creation, giving state assistance to working-class people, encouraging the entrance of private capital, use productive taxation mechanisms. Languages: Armenian (official) 97.9%, Kurdish (spoken by Yezidi minority) 1%, other 1% (2011 est.) The genocide was carried out during and after World War Iand implemented in two phases—the wholesale kil… Many were stripped of their possessions then marched into the surrounding desert and left there to die without food, water, or shelter. Armenia is in the midst of a significant transition following mass antigovernment protests and elections in 2018 that forced out an entrenched political elite. It is mentioned in the article 79 of U.S.S.R. constitution "The highest executive and administrative organ of state power of a Union Republic is the Council of People's Commissars of the Union Republic". The legislative branch of Armenia is made up of the National Assembly, a unicameral parliamentary body. The committees work to investigate specific issues and submit expert opinions and guidance to the legislative body in order to ensure appropriate resolutions and regulations are passed. This action took veto power from the President and made the position ineligible for reelection. Professor, RA NAS Corresponding Member, Doctor of Economics. Government decisions about appointment or dissolution of the governors must be approved by the President. The government also confirmed academic Al. All these responsibilities were controlled by a specific department, each of which became a separate ministry later on. Armenian government officials estimated, however, that Turkey sent as many as 4,000 Syrian mercenary jihadists into Nagorno-Karabakh to attack the Christian-majority ethnic Armenians there. The executive branch in Armenia is generally referred to simply as "the government" and is considered to be an executive council of ministers. The people shall exercise their power through free elections, referenda, as well as through state and local self-government bodies and officials provided for by the Constitution. Between 1915 and 1917, hundreds of thousands of ethnic Armenians died at the hands of government troops in the Ottoman Empire. The communities may be merged or separated irrespective of the outcomes of the local referenda. Armenia government, capital, and more. Additionally, candidates for presidency may not be affiliated with any political party. YEREVAN — Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan stated on Tuesday that the Armenian government has done a good job dealing with the coronavirus pandemic as he explained his decision to replace Health Minister Arsen Torosyan. The Government of the Republic of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետության Կառավարություն) or the executive branch of the Armenian government is an executive council of government ministers in Armenia. 2) submit the draft state budget to the National Assembly for approval, ensure the execution of the budget and submit financial reports on the budget execution to the National Assembly; Between 1893 and 1915 Ottoman Armenians in eastern Anatolia rebelled against their government -- the Ottoman government -- and joined Armenian revolutionary groups, such as the notorious Dashnaks and Hunchaks. The Armenian church, with its rich theological history, is intertwined with Armenian identity, steeped within the culture of its people. In the Republic of Armenia, the power belongs to the people. During the tenure of Fadey Sargsyan he always was in the territory of destruction of 1988, December 7 earthquake. Lukashin was the one who started to create a new economy in country. Tamanyan's and painter Kojoyan's project of national coat of arms. Currently, 105 members sit on the National Assembly, representing the following political parties: Republican party (58 seats), Tsarukyan Alliance (31 seats), Way Out Alliance (9 seats), and ARF (7 seats). The executive branch in Armenia is generally referred to simply as "the government" and is considered to be an executive council of ministers. . It was upon Armenian soil the first Christian nation was founded over 1,700 years ago. The President acts as the Head of State and is Commander-in-Chief of the military. Tamanyan who was banished from Armenia returned during his tenure. The prime minister was sent to Europe and USA to find a solution of that problem. The Council of People's Commissars controlled those branches of state administration that came within the jurisdiction of Union Republic. , He has authored 7 books and 52 research papers. Later on the Prime Minister must be appointed by the President of the Republic. The government headed by Simon Vratsyan had a short life (8 days). Western Armenia was permanently separated from Eastern Armenia by the Zuhab Treaty of 1639, and it became the Ottoman Armenia. Armenia was a Soviet republic until independence in 1991. , Honorary member of the Pan-Armenian Academic and Scientific Society,Candidate of physical and mathematical sciences. Armenia declared sovereignty on August 23, 1990, and independence on September 23, 1991. Food industry, light industry, agriculture, finance, internal trade, justice, education, municipal economy, public health etc. The Council consisted of the following positions: The Council issued orders and decisions and supervised their execution. The government wanted to create a peaceful combination with neighbor countries and remove the country from the “whirlpool”. Hamazasp Ohanjyan, the third prime minister, and Avetis Aharonian left for Berlin trying to reassure the tense relations between Turkey and Armenia. In 1915, the Ottoman Empire systematically carried out the Armenian Genocide. In 1923 he began the construction of hydro power plants, he built Hrazdan river hydro power plant, but the construction was ended the time when he was no longer the prime minister. Holder of Sourb Mesrop Mashtots Medal. President of RA since 2008. The government of Armenia was previously carried out under the system of a semi-presidential representative democracy. In Armenia, anti-government demonstrations, fueled by opposition forces, began in Armenia on the evening the agreement was signed. Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan spoke on Friday over the phone with France's President Emmanuel Macron about the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh, the government in Yerevan said. In 1915 the Ottoman government, regarding the Armenians as a dangerous foreign element, decided to deport the entire Armenian population of eastern Anatolia to Syria and Mesopotamia. This article takes a closer look at each one. B. Muradyan's tenure was during Brejnev's “standstill” and everything that was happening in Center transferred in a chain reaction to subordinate republics. The Prime Minister is responsible for managing the work and activities of the 18 ministries and 7 adjunct bodies within the country. It issued within the limits of the jurisdiction of their respective People's Commissariats, orders and instructions. The government of the Republic was headed by Prime Minister. The governmental structure of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic was similar to that of the other Soviet republics. The judicial branch operates independently of the executive and legislative branches. What Type Of Government Does Armenia Have? Later on the Prime Minister himself formed his cabinet. Professor, Doctor of Law, President of the Center of Constitutional Law of Armenia, Coordinator of Emerging Democracy Constitutional Court Conference, Member of the International Academy of Information, International Constitutional Law Association Board Member,“Constitutional Justice” international bulletin's editorial board chairman, Member of Yerevan State University Law Department's Scientific Board, author of over 200 research works. Hundreds of opposition supporters set up a protest camp outside Armenian government headquarters in central Yerevan on Tuesday, escalating a campaign against Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan. According to the new system, the National Assembly may reach up to 200 seats in an extraordinary circumstance. However, most weren't merely removed. The Red emblematizes the Armenian Highland, the Armenian people's continued struggle for survival, maintenance of … He was responsible of eliminating the results of destructions. The fighting ended with a peace treaty that gave Azerbaijan not just control of Nagorno-Karabakh, but power over sovereign Armenian territory, prompting widespread protests in the Armenian capital, Yerevan. , According to Article 88 of Armenian Constitution "A member of Government can not be engaged in hold an office in commercial organizations or in state and local self-government bodies not connected with his/her duties, or be involved in entrepreneurial activities, save for pedagogical creative, and academic activities. The Government of the Republic of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետության Կառավարություն) or the executive branch of the Armenian government is an executive council of government ministers in Armenia. ", Articles 109 and 110 of Armenian Constitution state that the Government may remove the Head of Community in cases prescribed by the law on the basis of the conclusion of the Constitutional Court. The Christians were never considered to be equal to the Muslims, and numerous prohibitions such as riding atop camels and carrying weapons were placed on the Armenians… Armenia's foreign policy priorities include a settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh issue, strengthening its relationship with its neighbour, Russia, deepening partnership and cooperation with the United States and integration with Europe. 4.1) implement the state territorial development policy. Ethnicity/race: Armenian 98.1%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.1%, other 0.7% (2011 est.) The national flag of the Republic of Armenia is of three colors in stripes of the same width - red, blue, orange respectively from top to bottom. In addition, decisions passed by the Government must be signed by the Prime Minister. On May 30, 1918 Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) decided that Armenia must be a republic under a provisional coalition government. based on civil law system. 3) manage the state property; The President shall dissolve the National Assembly if it does not give an approval to the program of the Government two times in succession within two months. Al. The economy at that time was in very difficult situation, there was no food, no transportation. The Soviet Republic of Armenia was established on November 29, 1920; in 1922 Armenia became part of the Transcaucasian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic; and in 1936 this republic was dissolved and Armenia became a constituent (union) republic of the Soviet Union. Awarded First Grade medal "For Services Contributed to the Motherland." 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